JavaScript template language shootoff

JavaScript performance comparison

Revision 622 of this test case created

Info

A limited comparison of some popular JavaScript templating engines on a short template: 6 header tags, and 10 list items. Compared templating engines:

Same as 412 but excludes DOM node generation.

Preparation code

<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<script src="https://raw.github.com/documentcloud/underscore/master/underscore.js"></script>

<script src="http://ajax.cdnjs.com/ajax/libs/mustache.js/0.3.0/mustache.min.js"></script>

<script src="https://github.com/downloads/wycats/handlebars.js/handlebars.1.0.0.beta.3.js"></script>



<script src="http://jashkenas.github.com/coffee-script/extras/coffee-script.js"></script>

<script src="http://borismoore.github.com/jsrender/jsrender.js"></script>

<script src="https://raw.github.com/twitter/hogan.js/master/lib/template.js"></script>
<script src="https://raw.github.com/twitter/hogan.js/master/lib/compiler.js"></script>
<script src="https://github.com/olado/doT/raw/master/doT.js">
</script>
<!--External Template Definitions-->
<script type="text/x-kendo-template" id="kendoUIextTemplate">
<div>
<h1 class='header'>#= data.header #</h1>
<h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2>
<h3 class='header3'>#= data.header3 #</h3>
<h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4>
<h5 class='header5'>#= data.header5 #</h5>
<h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6>
<ul class='list'>
   # for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #
   <li class='item'>#= data.list[i] #</li>
   # } #
</ul>
</div>
</script>
<script src="http://cdn.kendostatic.com/2012.1.322/js/kendo.all.min.js"></script>
<script>

function createDOMIfNecessary(result) {
    var toAppend;
    if (typeof result == "string") {
      var node = document.createElement("node");
      node.innerHTML = result;
      toAppend = node.firstChild;
    } else toAppend = result;

    jQuery(document.getElementById("placeholder")).empty().append(toAppend);
  }

/*! (C) WebReflection *//** @license work in progress */
this.hadouken=function(){function m(a,b){for(var d=a.childNodes,c,e=0;e<d.length;e++)switch(c=d[e],c.nodeType){case 1:for(var k=c,l=b,g=k.attributes,j=void 0,h=void 0,f=0;f<g.length;f++)for(j=g.item(f);h=n.exec(j.nodeValue);)l[h[1]]=p(k,".attributes.item("+f+")"),j.nodeValue="";m(c,b);break;case 3:k=a;l=b;g=c.nodeValue;j=0;for(f=h=void 0;f=n.exec(g);)k.insertBefore(document.createTextNode(g.slice(j,j+f.index)),c),k.insertBefore(h=document.createTextNode(""),c),l[f[1]]=p(h),c.nodeValue=g.slice(j=f.index+
f[0].length)}}function q(a){a=a.childNodes;for(var b=0;b<a.length;b++)if(1==a[b].nodeType)return a[b]}function p(a,b){for(var d=[];a.parentNode;)d.push("childNodes["+r.call(a.parentNode.childNodes,a)+"]"),a=a.parentNode;return Function("root","return root."+d.reverse().join(".")+(b||""))}function s(a){var b=this.map,d,c,e;for(d in a)if(c=a[d],e=b[d],"object"==typeof c&&c){var k=b,l=d;e=e.parentNode;for(var g=e.parentNode,j=0,h=void 0,f=void 0;h=g.firstChild;)g.removeChild(h);for(h=document.createDocumentFragment();j<
c.length;)h.appendChild(f=e.cloneNode(!0)).firstChild.nodeValue=c[j++];g.appendChild(h);e=(f||g.appendChild(e)).firstChild;k[l]=e}else e.nodeValue=c;return this}var n=/\{\{([^}]+?)\}\}/g,r=[].indexOf||function(a){for(var b=this.length;b--&&this[b]!==a;);return b};return function(a){function b(){this.root=d.cloneNode(!0);this.map={};for(a in c)this.map[a]=c[a](this.root)}var d=document.createElement("div"),c={};d.innerHTML=a;m(d=d.removeChild(q(d)),c);b.prototype.update=s;return b}}();


  window.sharedVariables = {
   header: "Header",
   header2: "Header2",
   header3: "Header3",
   header4: "Header4",
   header5: "Header5",
   header6: "Header6",
   list: ['1000000000', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10']
  };
 

  // hadouken
  window.HadoukenTemplate = hadouken("<div><h1 class='header'>{{header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{header6}}</h6><ul class='list'><li class='item'>{{list}}</li></ul></div>");
  window.hadoukenInstance = new HadoukenTemplate;

  //JsRender compiled template (no encoding)
  window.jsRenderTemplate = $.templates("<div><h1 class='header'>{{:header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{:header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{:header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{:header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{:header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{:header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{for list}}<li class='item'>{{:#data}}</li>{{/for}}</ul></div>");
 
  window.mustacheTemplate = "<div><h1 class='header'>{{{header}}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{{header2}}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{{header3}}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{{header4}}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{{header5}}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{{header6}}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#list}}<li class='item'>{{{.}}}</li>{{/list}}</ul></div>";
 
  window.handlebarsTemplate = Handlebars.compile("<div><h1 class='header'>{{header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#each list}}<li class='item'>{{this}}</li>{{/each}}</ul></div>");
 
  window.kendouiTemplate = kendo.template("<div><h1 class='header'>#= data.header #</h1><h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2><h3 class='header3'>#= data.header3 #</h3><h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4><h5 class='header5'>#= data.header5 #</h5><h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6><ul class='list'># for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #<li class='item'>#= data.list[i] #</li># } #</ul></div>", {useWithBlock:true});
 
  window.kendouiTemplate2 = kendo.template("<div><h1 class='header'>#= data.header #</h1><h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2><h3 class='header3'>#= data.header3 #</h3><h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4><h5 class='header5'>#= data.header5 #</h5><h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6><ul class='list'># for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #<li class='item'>#= data.list[i] #</li># } #</ul></div>", {useWithBlock:false});
 
  //Use external template definition
  window.kendoUIAlt = kendo.template($("#kendoUIextTemplate").html());
  window.kendoUIAlt2 = kendo.template($("#kendoUIextTemplate").html(), {useWithBlock:false});
 
  window.underscoreTemplate = _.template("<div><h1 class='header'><%= header %></h1><h2 class='header2'><%= header2 %></h2><h3 class='header3'><%= header3 %></h3><h4 class='header4'><%= header4 %></h4><h5 class='header5'><%= header5 %></h5><h6 class='header6'><%= header6 %></h6><ul class='list'><% for (var i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) { %><li class='item'><%= list[i] %></li><% } %></ul></div>");
 
  window.underscoreTemplateNoWith = _.template("<div><h1 class='header'><%= data.header %></h1><h2 class='header2'><%= data.header2 %></h2><h3 class='header3'><%= data.header3 %></h3><h4 class='header4'><%= data.header4 %></h4><h5 class='header5'><%= data.header5 %></h5><h6 class='header6'><%= data.header6 %></h6><ul class='list'><% for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { %><li class='item'><%= data.list[i] %></li><% } %></ul></div>", null, {variable: 'data'});

  window.baseHtml = "<div><h1 class='header'></h1><h2 class='header2'></h2><h3 class='header3'></h3><h4 class='header4'></h4><h5 class='header5'></h5><h6 class='header6'></h6><ul class='list'><li class='item'></li></ul></div>";
 
window.doTtemplate = doT.template("<div><h1 class='header'>{{=it.header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{=it.header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{=it.header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{=it.header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{=it.header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{=it.header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{for(var i = 0,l=it.list.length;i<l;i++) { }}<li class='item'>{{=it.list[i]}}</li>{{ } }}</ul></div>");

 
  //Resig Template Function (modified to support ')
  function tmpl(str) {
              var strFunc =
              "var p=[];" +
                          "with(obj){p.push('" +
 
              str.replace(/[\r\t\n]/g, " ")
                 .replace(/'(?=[^#]*#>)/g, "\t")
                 .split("'").join("\\'")
                 .split("\t").join("'")
                 .replace(/<#=(.+?)#>/g, "',$1,'")
                 .split("<#").join("');")
                 .split("#>").join("p.push('")
                 + "');}return p.join('');";
 
              return new Function("obj", strFunc);
          }
 
  window.resig = tmpl("<div><h1 class='header'><#= header #></h1><h2 class='header2'><#= header2 #></h2><h3 class='header3'><#= header3 #></h3><h4 class='header4'><#= header4 #></h4><h5 class='header5'><#= header5 #></h5><h6 class='header6'><#= header6 #></h6><ul class='list'><# for (var i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) { #><li class='item'><#= list[i] #></li><# } #></ul></div>");
 
  //Resig modified template function (no "with" block)
  function tmpl2(str) {
              var strFunc =
              "var p=[];" +
                          "p.push('" +
 
              str.replace(/[\r\t\n]/g, " ")
                 .replace(/'(?=[^#]*#>)/g, "\t")
                 .split("'").join("\\'")
                 .split("\t").join("'")
                 .replace(/<#=(.+?)#>/g, "',$1,'")
                 .split("<#").join("');")
                 .split("#>").join("p.push('")
                 + "');return p.join('');";
 
              return new Function("data", strFunc);
          }
 
  window.resig2 = tmpl2("<div><h1 class='header'><#= data.header #></h1><h2 class='header2'><#= data.header2 #></h2><h3 class='header3'><#= data.header3 #></h3><h4 class='header4'><#= data.header4 #></h4><h5 class='header5'><#= data.header5 #></h5><h6 class='header6'><#= data.header6 #></h6><ul class='list'><# for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #><li class='item'><#= data.list[i] #></li><# } #></ul></div>");

  window.hoganTemplate = Hogan.compile("<div><h1 class='header'>{{{header}}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{{header2}}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{{header3}}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{{header4}}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{{header5}}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{{header6}}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#list}}<li class='item'>{{{.}}}</li>{{/list}}</ul></div>");


window.jQCloneTemplate = function(variables) {
    var template = jQuery(document.getElementById("jqtemplate_main")).clone();
    for (var key in variables) {
      if (variables.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
        if (!jQuery.isArray(variables[key])) {
          template.find("." + key).text(variables[key]);
        } else {
          var item_template = jQuery(document.getElementById("jqtemplate_list_item")),
              target = template.find("." + key),
              variable = variables[key];
          for (var i = 0; i < variable.length; i++) {
            item_template.clone().text(variable[i]).appendTo(target);
          }

        }
      }
    }

  return template;
  };
</script>

<div id="template" style="display:none">
  <div id="jqtemplate_main">
    <h1 class='header'>
    </h1>
    <h2 class='header2'>
    </h2>
    <h3 class='header3'>
    </h3>
    <h4 class='header4'>
    </h4>
    <h5 class='header5'>
    </h5>
    <h6 class='header6'>
    </h6>
    <ul class='list'>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <li id="jqtemplate_list_item" class='item'>
  </li>
</div>
<div id="placeholder">
</div>

Preparation code output

Test runner

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Testing in unknown unknown
Test Ops/sec
doT.js
createDOMIfNecessary(doTtemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Kendo UI Templates (Default)
createDOMIfNecessary(kendouiTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Kendo UI Templates (No "with" block)
createDOMIfNecessary(kendouiTemplate2(sharedVariables));
pending…
Handlebars.js
createDOMIfNecessary(handlebarsTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Underscore.js Template
createDOMIfNecessary(underscoreTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Resig Micro Templates (modified)
createDOMIfNecessary(resig(sharedVariables));
pending…
Resig Micro Templates (No "with" block)
createDOMIfNecessary(resig2(sharedVariables));
pending…
Underscore.js Template (No "with")
createDOMIfNecessary(underscoreTemplateNoWith(sharedVariables));
pending…
Hogan.js
createDOMIfNecessary(hoganTemplate.render(sharedVariables));
pending…
JsRender
createDOMIfNecessary(jsRenderTemplate.render(sharedVariables));
pending…
Mustache.js Template
createDOMIfNecessary(Mustache.to_html(mustacheTemplate, sharedVariables));
pending…
(new HadoukenTemplate).update()
createDOMIfNecessary((new HadoukenTemplate).update(sharedVariables));
pending…
jQuery clone of DOM elements
createDOMIfNecessary(jQCloneTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…

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