JavaScript template language shootoff

JavaScript performance comparison

Revision 619 of this test case created

Info

A limited comparison of some popular JavaScript templating engines on a short template: 6 header tags, and 10 list items. Compared templating engines:

Same as 412 but excludes DOM node generation.

Preparation code

<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/jquery.min.js">
</script>
<script  src="https://raw.github.com/documentcloud/underscore/master/underscore.js">
</script>
<script src="http://ajax.cdnjs.com/ajax/libs/mustache.js/0.3.0/mustache.min.js">
</script>
<script src="https://github.com/downloads/wycats/handlebars.js/handlebars.1.0.0.beta.3.js">
</script>
<script src="http://cdn.kendostatic.com/2012.1.322/js/kendo.all.min.js">
</script>
<script src="http://jashkenas.github.com/coffee-script/extras/coffee-script.js">
</script>
<script src="http://borismoore.github.com/jsrender/jsrender.js">
</script>
<script src="https://raw.github.com/twitter/hogan.js/master/lib/template.js">
</script>
<script src="https://raw.github.com/twitter/hogan.js/master/lib/compiler.js">
</script>
<script src="https://github.com/olado/doT/raw/master/doT.js">
</script>
<!--External Template Definitions-->
<script type="text/x-kendo-template" id="kendoUIextTemplate">
  < div > < h1 class = 'header' > # = data.header# < /h1>
<h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2 > < h3 class = 'header3' > # = data.header3# < /h3>
<h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4 > < h5 class = 'header5' > # = data.header5# < /h5>
<h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6 > < ul class = 'list' > #
  for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) {# < li class = 'item' > # = data.list[i]# < /li>
   # } #
</ul > < /div>
</script>
<script>
  function createDOMIfNecessary(result) {
    var toAppend;
    if (typeof result == "string") {
      var node = document.createElement("node");
      node.innerHTML = result;
      toAppend = node.firstChild;
    } else toAppend = result;

    jQuery(document.getElementById("placeholder")).empty().append(toAppend);
  }

  /*! (C) WebReflection */
  /** @license work in progress */
  this.hadouken = function() {
    function m(a, b) {
      for (var d = a.childNodes, c, e = 0; e < d.length; e++) switch (c = d[e], c.nodeType) {
      case 1:
        for (var k = c, l = b, g = k.attributes, j = void 0, h = void 0, f = 0; f < g.length; f++) for (j = g.item(f); h = n.exec(j.nodeValue);) l[h[1]] = p(k, ".attributes.item(" + f + ")"), j.nodeValue = "";
        m(c, b);
        break;
      case 3:
        k = a;
        l = b;
        g = c.nodeValue;
        j = 0;
        for (f = h = void 0; f = n.exec(g);) k.insertBefore(document.createTextNode(g.slice(j, j + f.index)), c), k.insertBefore(h = document.createTextNode(""), c), l[f[1]] = p(h), c.nodeValue = g.slice(j = f.index + f[0].length)
      }
    }
    function q(a) {
      a = a.childNodes;
      for (var b = 0; b < a.length; b++) if (1 == a[b].nodeType) return a[b]
    }
    function p(a, b) {
      for (var d = []; a.parentNode;) d.push("childNodes[" + r.call(a.parentNode.childNodes, a) + "]"), a = a.parentNode;
      return Function("root", "return root." + d.reverse().join(".") + (b || ""))
    }
    function s(a) {
      var b = this.map,
          d, c, e;
      for (d in a) if (c = a[d], e = b[d], "object" == typeof c && c) {
        var k = b,
            l = d;
        e = e.parentNode;
        for (var g = e.parentNode, j = 0, h = void 0, f = void 0; h = g.firstChild;) g.removeChild(h);
        for (h = document.createDocumentFragment(); j < c.length;) h.appendChild(f = e.cloneNode(!0)).firstChild.nodeValue = c[j++];
        g.appendChild(h);
        e = (f || g.appendChild(e)).firstChild;
        k[l] = e
      } else e.nodeValue = c;
      return this
    }
    var n = /\{\{([^}]+?)\}\}/g,
        r = [].indexOf ||
    function(a) {
      for (var b = this.length; b-- && this[b] !== a;);
      return b
    };
    return function(a) {
      function b() {
        this.root = d.cloneNode(!0);
        this.map = {};
        for (a in c) this.map[a] = c[a](this.root)
      }
      var d = document.createElement("div"),
          c = {};
      d.innerHTML = a;
      m(d = d.removeChild(q(d)), c);
      b.prototype.update = s;
      return b
    }
  }();


  window.sharedVariables = {
    header: "Header",
    header2: "Header2",
    header3: "Header3",
    header4: "Header4",
    header5: "Header5",
    header6: "Header6",
    list: ['1000000000', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10']
  };


  // hadouken
  window.HadoukenTemplate = hadouken("<div><h1 class='header'>{{header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{header6}}</h6><ul class='list'><li class='item'>{{list}}</li></ul></div>");
  window.hadoukenInstance = new HadoukenTemplate;

  //JsRender compiled template (no encoding)
  window.jsRenderTemplate = $.templates("<div><h1 class='header'>{{:header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{:header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{:header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{:header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{:header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{:header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{for list}}<li class='item'>{{:#data}}</li>{{/for}}</ul></div>");

  window.mustacheTemplate = "<div><h1 class='header'>{{{header}}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{{header2}}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{{header3}}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{{header4}}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{{header5}}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{{header6}}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#list}}<li class='item'>{{{.}}}</li>{{/list}}</ul></div>";

  window.handlebarsTemplate = Handlebars.compile("<div><h1 class='header'>{{header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#each list}}<li class='item'>{{this}}</li>{{/each}}</ul></div>");

  window.kendouiTemplate = kendo.template("<div><h1 class='header'>#= data.header #</h1><h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2><h3 class='header3'>#= data.header3 #</h3><h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4><h5 class='header5'>#= data.header5 #</h5><h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6><ul class='list'># for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #<li class='item'>#= data.list[i] #</li># } #</ul></div>", {
    useWithBlock: true
  });

  window.kendouiTemplate2 = kendo.template("<div><h1 class='header'>#= data.header #</h1><h2 class='header2'>#= data.header2 #</h2><h3 class='header3'>#= data.header3 #</h3><h4 class='header4'>#= data.header4 #</h4><h5 class='header5'>#= data.header5 #</h5><h6 class='header6'>#= data.header6 #</h6><ul class='list'># for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #<li class='item'>#= data.list[i] #</li># } #</ul></div>", {
    useWithBlock: false
  });

  //Use external template definition
  window.kendoUIAlt = kendo.template($("#kendoUIextTemplate").html());
  window.kendoUIAlt2 = kendo.template($("#kendoUIextTemplate").html(), {
    useWithBlock: false
  });

  window.underscoreTemplate = _.template("<div><h1 class='header'><%= header %></h1><h2 class='header2'><%= header2 %></h2><h3 class='header3'><%= header3 %></h3><h4 class='header4'><%= header4 %></h4><h5 class='header5'><%= header5 %></h5><h6 class='header6'><%= header6 %></h6><ul class='list'><% for (var i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) { %><li class='item'><%= list[i] %></li><% } %></ul></div>");

  window.underscoreTemplateNoWith = _.template("<div><h1 class='header'><%= data.header %></h1><h2 class='header2'><%= data.header2 %></h2><h3 class='header3'><%= data.header3 %></h3><h4 class='header4'><%= data.header4 %></h4><h5 class='header5'><%= data.header5 %></h5><h6 class='header6'><%= data.header6 %></h6><ul class='list'><% for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { %><li class='item'><%= data.list[i] %></li><% } %></ul></div>", null, {
    variable: 'data'
  });

  window.baseHtml = "<div><h1 class='header'></h1><h2 class='header2'></h2><h3 class='header3'></h3><h4 class='header4'></h4><h5 class='header5'></h5><h6 class='header6'></h6><ul class='list'><li class='item'></li></ul></div>";

  window.doTtemplate = doT.template("<div><h1 class='header'>{{=it.header}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{=it.header2}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{=it.header3}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{=it.header4}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{=it.header5}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{=it.header6}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{for(var i = 0,l=it.list.length;i<l;i++) { }}<li class='item'>{{=it.list[i]}}</li>{{ } }}</ul></div>");


  //Resig Template Function (modified to support ')


  function tmpl(str) {
    var strFunc = "var p=[];" + "with(obj){p.push('" +

    str.replace(/[\r\t\n]/g, " ").replace(/'(?=[^#]*#>)/g, "\t").split("'").join("\\'").split("\t").join("'").replace(/<#=(.+?)#>/g, "',$1,'").split("<#").join("');").split("#>").join("p.push('") + "');}return p.join('');";

    return new Function("obj", strFunc);
  }

  window.resig = tmpl("<div><h1 class='header'><#= header #></h1><h2 class='header2'><#= header2 #></h2><h3 class='header3'><#= header3 #></h3><h4 class='header4'><#= header4 #></h4><h5 class='header5'><#= header5 #></h5><h6 class='header6'><#= header6 #></h6><ul class='list'><# for (var i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) { #><li class='item'><#= list[i] #></li><# } #></ul></div>");

  //Resig modified template function (no "with" block)


  function tmpl2(str) {
    var strFunc = "var p=[];" + "p.push('" +

    str.replace(/[\r\t\n]/g, " ").replace(/'(?=[^#]*#>)/g, "\t").split("'").join("\\'").split("\t").join("'").replace(/<#=(.+?)#>/g, "',$1,'").split("<#").join("');").split("#>").join("p.push('") + "');return p.join('');";

    return new Function("data", strFunc);
  }

  window.resig2 = tmpl2("<div><h1 class='header'><#= data.header #></h1><h2 class='header2'><#= data.header2 #></h2><h3 class='header3'><#= data.header3 #></h3><h4 class='header4'><#= data.header4 #></h4><h5 class='header5'><#= data.header5 #></h5><h6 class='header6'><#= data.header6 #></h6><ul class='list'><# for (var i = 0, l = data.list.length; i < l; i++) { #><li class='item'><#= data.list[i] #></li><# } #></ul></div>");

  window.hoganTemplate = Hogan.compile("<div><h1 class='header'>{{{header}}}</h1><h2 class='header2'>{{{header2}}}</h2><h3 class='header3'>{{{header3}}}</h3><h4 class='header4'>{{{header4}}}</h4><h5 class='header5'>{{{header5}}}</h5><h6 class='header6'>{{{header6}}}</h6><ul class='list'>{{#list}}<li class='item'>{{{.}}}</li>{{/list}}</ul></div>");

  window.jQCloneTemplate = function(variables) {
    var template = jQuery(document.getElementById("jqtemplate_main")).clone();
    for (var key in variables) {
      if (variables.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
        if (!jQuery.isArray(variables[key])) {
          template.find("." + key).text(variables[key]);
        } else {
          var item_template = jQuery(document.getElementById("jqtemplate_list_item")),
              target = template.find("." + key),
              variable = variables[key];
          for (var i = 0; i < variable.length; i++) {
            item_template.clone().text(variable[i]).appendTo(target);
          }

        }
      }
    }

  return template;
  };
</script>
<div id="template" style="display:none">
  <div id="jqtemplate_main">
    <h1 class='header'>
    </h1>
    <h2 class='header2'>
    </h2>
    <h3 class='header3'>
    </h3>
    <h4 class='header4'>
    </h4>
    <h5 class='header5'>
    </h5>
    <h6 class='header6'>
    </h6>
    <ul class='list'>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <li id="jqtemplate_list_item" class='item'>
  </li>
</div>
<div id="placeholder">
</div>

Preparation code output

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Testing in unknown unknown
Test Ops/sec
doT.js
createDOMIfNecessary(doTtemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Kendo UI Templates (Default)
createDOMIfNecessary(kendouiTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Kendo UI Templates (No "with" block)
createDOMIfNecessary(kendouiTemplate2(sharedVariables));
pending…
Handlebars.js
createDOMIfNecessary(handlebarsTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Underscore.js Template
createDOMIfNecessary(underscoreTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…
Resig Micro Templates (modified)
createDOMIfNecessary(resig(sharedVariables));
pending…
Resig Micro Templates (No "with" block)
createDOMIfNecessary(resig2(sharedVariables));
pending…
Underscore.js Template (No "with")
createDOMIfNecessary(underscoreTemplateNoWith(sharedVariables));
pending…
Hogan.js
createDOMIfNecessary(hoganTemplate.render(sharedVariables));
pending…
JsRender
createDOMIfNecessary(jsRenderTemplate.render(sharedVariables));
pending…
Mustache.js Template
createDOMIfNecessary(Mustache.to_html(mustacheTemplate, sharedVariables));
pending…
hadoukenInstance.update()
createDOMIfNecessary(hadoukenInstance.update(sharedVariables));
pending…
(new HadoukenTemplate).update()
createDOMIfNecessary((new HadoukenTemplate).update(sharedVariables));
pending…
jQuery clone of DOM elements
createDOMIfNecessary(jQCloneTemplate(sharedVariables));
pending…

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Revisions

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